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Locating Factory Paint Codes. General Motors USA. The first thing you will notice about any car is the colour and condition of its paintwork. While great looking duco makes your car look good, and is critical during re-sale, you should never overlook the fact that the most important function of paint is to protect the body against rust and deterioration caused by the action of the oxygen in the air, aggravated by acid and moist atmospheres.
Modern car manufacturers recognise the need for body protection and go to great lengths to provide it. If the surface of a new vehicle could remain undamaged it would virtually last for ever; unfortunately, bumps and collisions, spatterings of grit and stones and flexings of the body all remove or crack the paintwork.
The bare metal is exposed and rust , the great enemy, creeps in, spreading under hitherto sound material. Production-line finish rust prevention starts at the steel mill, where newly-manufactured sheet steel is sprayed with oil. During transport to the car manufacturer's body-building line and during the pressing and welding of the many body parts, this film remains and is indeed augmented by additional sealants forced into seams, welding creams, drilling lubricants and similar materials used during assembly. Finally, the completed body shell - at this point a dirty, greasy object - is delivered to the paint shop.
At The Paint Shop The first task is to clean it thoroughly using white spirit and hot detergent pressure sprays. It is then vacuum cleaned to remove every particle of dust and grit, and immediately enters a tunnel on a moving conveyor. In this tunnel, several hundred feet long, paint application areas are interspersed with forced drying sections. The initial step is to provide basic protection by spraying phosphate etch over the entire body. This material bonds very securely to the metal surface and, when dried, has a slightly rough feel, ideal for keying on the subsequent paint coats.
A paint dip, up to window level, into a bath of red oxide primer follows; after drying, this primer assumes a chocolate colour. Excess 'runs' are rubbed down and then two or three coats of zinc-rich primer are applied by automatic spray. High-Bake Ovens Body sills and other enclosed areas receive applications by long-nosed spray guns, through designed-in apertures or holes drilled for the purpose.
Each coat is dried and rubbed down, then further sealers are applied along all joints. Two or three coats of acrylic lacquer follow, applied both by hand and automatic spray but with the last coat entirely by hand. Blemishes are removed and then the body is reheated to allow the lacquer to 're-flow' - in effect, this means that a layer of Liquid Perspex Lucite in the USA forms all over the surface to give a very tough, mirror-like finish. Finally, the interior voids of the sills are sprayed with a bituminous paint and the finished body is delivered to the assembly line.
At every stage, rigid control of paint colour, temperature, viscosity and application pressures has been enforced. Specialist Repairs At The Body Shop After damage to a vehicle has been rectified, It is handed over to the spray shop to restore its original appearance.
The panelbeater obviously cannot follow the exact methods of a production line since they may be dealing with ten different makes of car in ten different colours every day, each requiring only limited areas of paint renewal.
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The car may be received by the sprayer with perhaps a new door fitted, or with crumpled areas restored as far as possible. Their first job is to degrease the damaged or renewed areas. Fillers are then applied to bring 'low' patches up to the correct level. When dry, these are sanded down; one or more undercoats are applied followed by further sanding, then two or three finishing coats. Colour Matching, Viscosity and Baking These finishing coats are carefully blended in with the existing paintwork, leaving the appearance of the vehicle as good as new.
This may not sound too difficult, but the professional sprayer has to understand a wide range of materials, appliances and procedures.
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Some materials react adversely with others, so they must know which are compatible; they must understand colour matching, viscosity and baking, and the handling of their spray guns and other equipment. Many of these procedures can be done by the do-it-yourself car enthusiast - but practice makes perfect, so dont try anything until you have some experience under your belt.
Materials Wax and Grease Removers Before any filling or painting is commenced, all metal surfaces must be completely free of oil, wax, grease and other residues. White spirit is widely used for this purpose, but there are many other specialised solvents and detergents. You can use Paint Match Pro to find a paint, or just find a stockist and visit them and they will help you to find your paint. However you can also find the right car paint without it.
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Then look for a stockist near you and go and buy your perfect match. Searching for a paint code for your car? Location: In most cases, the paint code can be found under the trunk deck. However, in some cases it may be found on the underside of the bonnet. Location: Audi paint codes are usually located in the spare wheel well or under the trunk deck lid. Paint code details: The code varies in length and is a combination of numbers and letters. Paint code details: BMW paint codes are usually made up of 3 numbers, a forward slash and another number.
The name of the colour is also shown on the paint code tag, and is listed in both English and German. Location: The paint code plaque can be found on either the left wheel well, right wheel well or firewall. If your car has two-tone paintwork, there will be two codes preceded by a U upper and L lower. Paint code details: Ferrari paint codes are made up of a series of numbers, followed by the name of the paint type listed in Italian. Be sure to check the colour code carefully, however, as Ferrari has recently changed its colour names.
Location: On most Ferrari models, the designated paint code can be found attached under the deck lid. Location: The paint code can normally be found on the driver side door compartment, or on the firewall.
Paint code details: Hyundai paint codes only comprise 2 digits, 1 letter and 1 number. Paint code details: Honda paint codes contain letters, numbers, and other symbols like. Jot down your VIN — Every passenger vehicle has a vehicle identification number, a unique to your car digit serial number. With pen and paper in hand locate your VIN, something that can typically found on the left side of the dashboard and viewed through the windshield. Then, ask your dealer to supply you with the precise name for that paint so that you can purchase it.
Car dealers, collision repair shops and automotive parts stores are among the retailers selling car paints. Be careful when using the Internet to decode your car number.